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The Maastricht Diplomat

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[AP] Mediation court as the solution for territorial dispute between Venezuela and Guyana

Colombia on Saturday morning opposed a proposal by the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to open a mediation court for resolving the territorial dispute between Venezuela and Guyana.


In this morning's session, the UNSC held an additional meeting including the five permanent members (P5) – United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China – along with the main parties to the dispute, Venezuela and Guyana, to address the territorial dispute between the latter two countries.


Behind closed doors, all seven nations agreed to promote bilateral agreements through diplomatic means without interference from Western powers. 

While considering the possibility of referring the case to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which Russia did not favor, they ultimately decided to propose the establishment of a mediation court specifically for this conflict, with impartial judges selected by the involved parties.


Colombia voiced opposition to this proposal, citing concerns about the financial and time burden it would impose on the countries involved, especially given the existence of the ICJ, which is tasked with resolving international conflicts. 

In response, Guyana argued that this approach was necessary to ensure a balanced process free from biased rulings, particularly from Western perspectives, and to facilitate finding common ground between the parties.


At the start of the session, the UNSC President proposed passing resolutions on both the migration crisis and economic aid for Venezuela. However, it was suggested that only one resolution would be prioritized.


During the opening debate, Venezuela emphasized the urgency of addressing the catastrophic economic situation and expressed its interest in discussions regarding financial and economic support for its government. Colombia echoed Venezuela's concerns and emphasized the need to address both the existing refugee crisis and the prevention of further intensification.


France, however, asserted that economic concerns should primarily be addressed by national governments rather than the international community. Paris linked the economic situation in Venezuela to the need for democracy within the country, as discussed in previous sessions.

Venezuela, while acknowledging this stance, highlighted the global implications of their economic crisis and questioned whether France would not also benefit from international assistance.

EuroMUN Committee: United Nations Security Council (UNSC)


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