The Special Committee on Decolonization aimed its discussion at addressing the power struggles, resources and political representation over territory in the Western Sahara. The discussion was surrounded by the overarching desire for a stable, sustainable peace in the African region. The discussion was opened with the reminder of the importance of cooperation in solving this crisis by the Cuban delegation, after the nation has highlighted their long relationship with Morocco.
The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic strongly advocate for the independence of the Western Sahara and stands up for a peaceful settlement. The Republic thanks all nations supporting this aim and thereby supporting the Sahrawi people. They emphasize the right of national autonomy defined by the United Nations Charter. Alongside this declaration, multiple supporters of the autonomy of the Sahrawi nation came forward. One of them was Algeria, who has been directly affected by the crisis through the shared border and diverse cultural ties with the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The delegation strongly emphasized the need for constructive dialogue to end the suffering of local citizens. In addition, India supports the nationalists in the Western Sahara and directly criticizes Morocco’s resistance to change. Tunisia emphasizes how this conflict has divided the Arab world and accentuates their desire to act as a diplomatic mediator between the nations to bring a sustainable solution to the conflict.
In opposition of that, the Kingdom Morocco affirms the suffering of the Moroccan people and thrives for a fruitful solution of the conflict without the autonomy of the Sahrawi territory. The Kingdom doubts the existence of a realistic proposal which could sustain the infrastructure, economic growth and social wellbeing of citizens without their involvement. Their representatives bring attention to the interconnectivity between nations and emphasize their fear of disruption of commercial routes through the autonomy of the territory. Mali adds to the discussion by honoring their collaboration with Morocco whilst recognizing the challenges surrounding the volatile security situation and their general concern about refugees.
Overall, we can expect a diverse discussion about the issue at hand and can only hope that the 16 delegates will be able to propose an idea that brings peace to the area and communities of the Western Sahara. In the upcoming days we look forward to deeper examinations of Morocco’s economic plan and the autonomy plan of Western Africa.
- Pauline Keller, Special Correspondent for the C-24